\oen-aw-Kew ]Ån
BapJw
1915  hnip² ssZh-am-Xm-hnsâ \ma-¯n Øm]n-X-am-bXpw \m\m-PmXn aX-Ø-cpsS A`-b-tI-{µhpw At\Iw AÛp-X-§Ä¡v km£yw hln-¡p-¶-Xp-amb Cu ]pWy-s¸« ssZhm-ebw bmt¡m- _mb kpdn-bm\n k`-bnse {][m-\-s¸« ssZhm-e-b-§-fn H¶m-Wv. aªn-\n-¡c Zb-dmbn I_-d-S-§n-bn-cn-¡p¶ ]cn-ip² Cám-¯n-tbmkv Gen-bmkv XrXo-b³ ]m{Xn-bÀ¡okv _mhmbpsS I_-dn-S-¯n-te¡v hS-¡³ taJ-e-bn \n¶pw bm{X Xncn-¡p¶ XoÀ°m-S-Isc Ignª 50- ]cw hÀj-§-fmbn Cu ]Ån-bn kzoI-cn¨v BXnYyw \ÂIn-h-cp-¶p. Cu ssZhm-ebw tIm«bw ]«-W-¯n\v 6 Intem-ao-äÀ hS¡v Fw.-kn. tdmUn\v Ing-¡p-hiw ao\-¨n-em-dnsâ ssIhgn-bmb \oen-aw-Kew Bdnsâ ]cn-em-f-\-ta¡p¶ sNdp-ss]-§fw ]mS-ti-J-c-¯nsâ Ing-¡p-hi-¯pÅ {]IrXn ca-Wo-b-amb ]Ån-¸pdw {]tZ-i¯v ØnXn sN¿p-¶p. Cu ssZhm-ebw At´ym-Jym-bp-sSbpw Ing-s¡m-s¡-bp-sSbpw ]. ]t{Xm-knsâ ssÇln-I-knw-lm-k-\-¯n³ Iogn-epÅ tIm«bw `{Zm-k\-¯n DÄs¸-Sp-¶p. hÀjw -tXmdpw sk]väw_À H¶p-ap-X \S-¯-s¸-Sp¶ F«p-t\m¼v BN-c-W-¯nepw XpSÀ¶v hn. ssZh-am-Xm-hnsâ P\-\-s¸-cp-¶m-fnepw At\-IÀ kw_-Ôn¨v A\p-{Klw {]m]n-¨p hcp¶p. hn: ssZh-am-Xm-hnsâ a²y-Ø-X-bm \m\m-PmXn aX-Ø-cmb \nc-h[n hnizm-kn-IÄ X§Ä¡p e`n¨ AÛpXIcamb A\p-`-h-§Ä km£y-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p.  ­­

2. t{XmtWm-kp-Ifpw {][m\ s]cp-¶m-fp-Ifpw 

Cu ]Ån-bnse {][m\ t{XmtWmkv ]cn-ip² I\y-I-a-dn-bm-an-sâbpw hS-¡p-h-is¯ t{XmtWmkv tamÀ bq-lm-t\m³ amwtZm\mbp-sSbpw sX¡p-h-is¯ t{XmtWmkv tamÀ KohÀKokv kl-Zm-bp-sSbpw \ma-¯n Øm]n-X-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. P\p-hcn 15 hn.ssZh-am-Xm-hnsâ hn¯p-Isf {]Xn-bpÅ s]cp-¶mÄ, sabv 1 hn.KohÀKokv kl-Zm-bpsS HmÀ½-s¸-cp-¶mÄ, Pq¬ 24 tamÀ bq-l-mt\m³ amwtZmt\m-bpsS P\\-s¸-cp-¶mÄ, F«p-t\m-¼m-N-c-W-t¯msS sk]väw_À 8þmw Xob-Xnse hn. ssZh-am-Xm-hnsâ P\-\-s¸-cp-¶mÄ F¶nh-bmWv Cu ]Ån-bnse {][m-\-s]-cp-¶m-fp-IÄ

3. hnIm-cn-amcpw CS-h-I- ssh-Zn-Icpw 

Cu CS-h-I-bpsS Bßo-bhpw `uXo-I-hp-amb hfÀ¨bv¡v Imem-Im-e-§-fn ChnsS tkh-\-a-\p-jvTn¨ hnIm-cn-amÀ t\XrXzw \ÂIn .Ct¸mÄ Cu ]ÅnbnÂ, dh. ^m. ]n.-än. tXmakv ]Ån-b¼nÂ, dh.-^m. Ipcym-t¡mkv Ipdn-¨n-ae F¶n-hÀ hnIm-cn-am-cmbn kvXpXyÀl- tkh\w A\p-jvTn-¨p-h-cp-¶p. 

Cu ]ÅnbpsS Bim-Zo-]hpw CS-hI ]«-¡m-c-\p-am-bn-cp¶ aT-t¯«v _lp. Ipcym-t¡m-kv I-Èoim 1955  31-þm-as¯ hb-Ên Znhw-K-X-\m-bn. Cu ]Ån CS-h-Imw-K-amb Cug-am-en-bn shcn. dh. Cu¸³ tImsd-¸n-kvt¡m¸m ZoÀLImew Ata-cn-¡-bn tkh-\-a-\p-jvTn¨ tijw Ct¸mÄ hn{i-a-Po-hnXw \bn-¡p-¶p.

4. s]mXptbmKw
Cu CShIbn ØncmwKXzapÅhcn Unkw_À 31 \v 18 hbÊv ]qÀ¯nbmbhcpw CShI cPnÌdn t]cpÅhcpamb FÃm ]pcpj·mÀ¡pw s]mXptbmK§fn kw_Ôn¡p¶Xn\pw thm«p sN¿p¶Xn\pw AhImiw Dmbncn¡p¶XmWv. F¶m Unkw_À 31 hscbpÅ ]Ån¡pSnÈnI XoÀ¡m¯ IpSpw_¯nÂs¸«hÀ¡pw  Bണ്ടpIp¼kmcw \S¯n, hn. IpÀºm\ A\p`hn¡m¯hÀ¡pw hmÀjnI s]mXptbmK¯n kw_Ôn¡p¶Xn\hImiw Dണ്ടmbncn¡p¶XÃ.
5. amt\-PnwKv I½än
]Ån-bpsS \nb-am-hen A\p-k-cn¨v CS-h-Ibn cq]o-I-cn-¡-s¸« skâ v tPm¬kv hmÀUv, skâ v tPmÀPv hmÀUv, tamÀ Iuam hmÀUv, tamÀ Ipcym-t¡mkv hmÀUv,- tamÀ Gen-bmkv hmÀUv F¶o A©v hmÀUp-Ifnse Hmtcm hmÀUn \n¶pw ]c-am-h[n aq¶v AwK-§sf hoXw ]Ån amt\-PnwKv I½-än-bn-te¡v AXmXv hmÀUnse thm«-h-Im-i-apÅ AwK-§Ä tNÀ¶v sXc-sª-Sp-¡p-¶p. sXc-sª-Sp-¡-s¸-Sp¶ hmÀUv {]Xn-\n-[n-IÄ hnIm-cn-bpsS A²y-£-X-bn tbmKw IqSn {SÌn, sk{I-«dn, tPmbnâ v sk{I-«dn F¶n-hsc s]mXp-tbm-K-¯nsâ AwKo-Im-c-¯n\p hnt[-bambn sXc-sª-Sp-¡p-¶p.
amt\-PnwKv I½-än-bpsS Imem-h[n sabvamkw BZy- Rm-b-dmgvN apX Hcp- hÀjam-bncn¡pw F¶m km¼-¯nI hÀjw, G{]n amkw apX amÀ¨v amkw hsc Hcp hÀj-am-bncn¡pw.
6. CS-hImwK§-fp-w Bßob {]Øm-\-§fpw
Øm]-t\m-t±iy-¯n \n¶v AWp-hnS hyXn-N-en-¡msX hn. At´ymJy knwlm-k-\-¯nsâ Iogn ASn-bp-d¨v \n¡p¶ Cu ssZhm-e-b-¯n Ct¸mÄ 250þ ]cw CS-hI `h-\-§fpw Bbn-c-¯nÂ]cw AwK-§-fp-apണ്ടv.
k¬tU kvIqÄ,- tamÀ CámtXymkv- bq¯v Atkm-kntbj³, aÀ¯-a-dnbw h\n-Xm-k-amPw, tamÀ Gen-bmkv FÂtUgvkv t^mdw, At´ymJy kXy-hnizmk kwc£-W kanXn, hmÀUp-Xe {]mÀ°\ tbmK-§Ä, {]Xn-am-k -kp-hn-ti-j-tbmKw, Poh-ImcpWykanXn F¶o Bßob {]Øm-\-§Ä Cu CS-h-I-bn Imcy-£-a-ambn {]hÀ¯n¨p hcp-¶p.  
7. D]-kw-lmcw
]nXmhmw ssZh-¯nsâ kvt\l-hpw GI-Pm-Xsâ Ir]bpw ]cn-ip-²m-ßm-hnsâ \S-¯n¸pw ssZh-am-Xm-hmb hnip² I\yIadn-bm-an-sâbpw kIe ]cn-ip-²-·m-cp-sSbpw ip²n-a-Xn-I-fp-sSbpw Znhy-a-lm-a-²y-Ø-Xbpw Icp-Xepw Cu CS-h-Isb D¯-tc-m¯cw Bßo-b-ambpw `uXo-Iambpw A`n-hr-²n-bn-te¡v \bn-¨p-sImണ്ടn-cn-¡p-¶p.